When we talked about archaeology, we realized that lots of things in our earth have not been solved yet. Some still remains unknown. Read about mysterious archaelogcal place ound in several places on earth. Some are still argued by scientists and researchers.
Read more: Mysterious Google Earth Imaging
1. Bosnian Pyramid
Based on Wikipedia, Semir Osmanagić, who proposes that a cluster of natural hills in central Bosnia and Herzegovina are the largest human-made ancient pyramids on Earth. The hills are located near the town of Visoko, northwest of Sarajevo. Visočica hill, where the old town of Visoki was once sited, came to international attention in October 2005, following a news-media campaign by Osmanagić and his supporters. Osmanagić states that he has found tunnels, stone blocks and ancient mortar, which he has suggested once covered the Visočica structure. He opened excavations in 2006 which have reshaped the hill, making it look like a stepped pyramid.
In 2007 a report by Egyptologist Nabil Mohamed Swelim was publicised by the Archaeological Park which said that the Pyramid of the Sun was the world’s largest pyramid. After two visits to Visoko, Swelim released a report in 2007 in which he concluded, “Arguments in favour or in disfavour have no effect on the fact that the pyramid concept and the properties are there for everyone to see.” In 2010, however, Swelim released a report in which he clarified that he does not support the claim that the site is a man-made pyramid, but rather that he uses the term for any feature, natural or artificial, which is a geometric pyramid. He does not exclude the possibility it is man-made.
2. Oklo Reactors
Discovered on 1972, a naturally occurring nuclear reactors named for the West African region of Gabon in which they reside. They’ve been dead for a very long time, probably over 1.5 billion years, but the evidence of their prior action is unmistakable. Sometime a bit less than 2 billion years ago, and lasting for about 300,000 years, the Oklo reactors held a series of stable nuclear fission reactions. Scientists estimate the Oklo reactors would have had samples with roughly 3.6% uranium-235 — that’s close to the enrichment threshold of modern nuclear reactors.
3. Ancient Vehicle Tracks
According to dailymail, a Russian academic has claimed that an ancient civilization drove giant all-terrain vehicles across Earth millions of years ago – and that the tracks are still visible today. Geologist Dr Alexander Koltypin believes that mysterious groove-like markings in the Phrygian Valley of central Turkey were made by an intelligent race between 12 and 14 million years ago. The academic said: ‘We are dealing with some kind of cars or all-terrain vehicles. ‘The pairs of ruts are crossing each other from time to time and some ruts are more deep than the others.’
4. Bosnia Stone Ball
The half-buried stone was found by Bosnian archaeologist Sam Osmanagich. According to estimates, it weighs about 30 tons and measures up to 1.5 meters in diameter. Its brown-reddish color suggests it is partly composed of iron, but analysis has yet to be done. Experts at the Geological Society, quoted by the MailOnline, said the round shape of the Bosnia stone ball could be the result of spheroidal weathering – a form of chemical weathering that affects jointed bedrock and results in the formation of concentric or spherical layers of highly decayed rock. They say there may be similar rocks in the area too. No one can explain what these giant stone spheres are made for.
5. Underground City Derinkuyu
According to Wikipedia, the city is an ancient multi-level underground city in the Derinkuyu district in Nevşehir Province, Turkey. Extending to a depth of approximately 60 m (200 feet), it is large enough to have sheltered as many as 20,000 people together with their livestock and food stores. It is the largest excavated underground city in Turkey and is one of several underground complexes found across Cappadocia. Discovered on 1963, it was opened to visitors in 1969 and about half of the underground city is currently accessible to tourists.
According to wikivoyage, Mohenjo-Daro is an ancient city in what is now northwestern Sindh in Pakistan. Listed as an archaeological site of immense historical significance on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The city was built in about 2,600 BCE, comprise burnt brick structures, and had a population of 35,000 to 50,000; it was one of the main centres of the Indus Valley Civilization, the first great civilization of the Indian Subcontinent and one of the earliest anywhere. It was one of the largest and most advanced cities of its time, with remarkably sophisticated civil engineering and urban planning. The reasons for its sudden abandonment around 1,900 BCE are uncertain; one theory is that it was caused by shifts in river courses.
Mohenjo-daro is a name in the local Sindhi language, literally translated as Mound of the Dead. The ruins were first discovered in 1911 and excavations started in 1922, while major excavations were carried out in the 1930s. After 1965, further excavations were banned due to fears of damage to the ruins; it is estimated that only one third of the site has been revealed thus far. The site is threatened by erosion and, despite conservation efforts funded by both the Pakistani government and UNESCO, it is considered endangered. Some archaeologists say that it will be gone by 2030 unless there is a major new conservation initiative.
7. Yonaguni Underwater Pyramid
The Yonaguni Pyramid is located just off shore on the South side of Yonaguni Island. Yonaguni-jima is one of the Yaeyama Islands and the westernmost inhabited island of Japan. It is the last of the islands in the Ryukyu Islands chain, and lies 108 kilometers (67 mi) from the east coast of Taiwan, between the East China Sea and the Pacific Ocean. In 1986, local divers discovered a striking underwater rock formation off the southernmost point of the island. This so-called Yonaguni Monument has staircase-like terraces with flat sides and sharp corners. Although the majority of the academic society regard the rock formation as natural joint, Masaaki Kimura, a professor of seismology in University of the Ryukyus and some media believe it is an artificial (or artificially modified) structure engraved or built 2,000 to 3,000 years ago.
Patrick D. Nunn, Professor of Oceanic Geoscience at the University of the South Pacific, has studied these structures extensively and notes that the structures below the water continue above and are slate that “has been fashioned solely by natural processes” and that “there seems no reason to suppose that they are artificial.”
8. Longyou Caves
Longyou caves are a series of large artificial caverns located at Phoenix Hill, near the village of Shiyan Beicun on the Lan River in Longyou County, Quzhou prefecture, Zhejiang province, China. First discovered in 1992, 24 caves have been found to date. The caves were carved in sandstone, a homogeneous medium-hard rock, and are thought to date to a period before the creation of the Qin Dynasty in 212 BCE. Despite their size and the effort involved in creating them, so far no trace of their construction or even their existence has been located in the historic record.
The Sun Gate at Tiahuanaco, or Tiwanaku, first discovered in the mid 19th century. It is a megalithic solid stone arch or gateway constructed by the ancient Tiwanaku culture of Bolivia over 1500 years before the present. The gate is approximately 9.8 ft (3.0 m) tall and 13 ft (4.0 m) wide. It was originally constructed by a single piece of stone. The weight is estimated to be 10 tons. The lintel is carved with 48 winged effigies each in a square, 32 with human faces, and 16 with condor’s heads. surrounding a central figure. These faces seem to represent many different races including a white face that looks like an alien gray. he styled staffs held by the figure apparently symbolize thunder and lightning. Some historians and archaeologists believe that the central figure represents the “Sun God” judging by the rays emitted from its head, while others have identified it with the Inca god Viracocha.
According to amusingplanet, Sacsayhuaman (also spelled Saksaywaman), is one of the most stunning Inca ruins, located on the northern outskirts of the old city of Cusco, Peru, the former capital of the Inca Empire. Built like a fortress, the complex cover a huge area, but they constitute perhaps only a quarter of the original complex, which could easily house more than 10,000 men. What remains today are the astounding outer walls constructed in a zigzag formation on three levels. Like many Inca constructions, the walls are made of massive, irregularly shaped boulders that fit together like a jigsaw puzzle without the aid of mortar. The stones are so closely spaced that even a piece of paper cannot be inserted between many of the stones.
The ruins of Sacsayhuaman predates the Inca themselves, believed to have been built by the Killke culture that occupied the region between 900 and 1200 AD. Sacsayhuamán is usually described as a fortress because it is enclosed by three slopes and constructed with forbidding, castlelike walls. However, new investigation suggest that it could have been a temple devoted to the worship of the Sun. The longest of three walls is about 400 meters and stand 6 meters tall. A single boulder is estimated to weight between 120 to 200 tonnes.